To the north of the Museum building, visitors will see the Memorial to the Holocaust designed by Milwaukee-born artist, Claire Lieberman. The cortan steel sheets give a book-like effect – symbolic of the Jewish identity as “people of the book.” Each sheet bears the name of a concentration camp. The walkway into the Memorial recalls the railroad ties for the trains on which Jews and others were herded to the camps. The granite pillar is reminiscent of the smoke stacks of the crematoriums. Upon leaving the Memorial, visitors will enter the Helfaer Building – a simple, balanced, cream colored brick building with almost three-story windows and narrow glass doors. The verticality is balanced with three horizontal bands of concrete which enclose the building between each story. The slant of the smaller windows on the south side is designed for sun control.